Swami Vivekananda


Swami Vivekananda was a spiritual genius of commanding power and. The icon crammed immense work and achievement into his life. Vivekananda was known as Narendranath Datta in his pre-monastic life. His passion of knowing concerning God and Hinduism took him to Sri Ramakrishna. He made Sri Ramakrishna, his master, who gave him God vision, allayed his doubts, and inspired him to teach and transformed him into sage. Swami Vivekananda played a major role in introducing India’s philosophy of Yoga and Vedanta in the Western world. He was the leading one among the modern thinkers of our country. Swami Vivekananda is considered as the most inspiring “Youth icon of India” forever.

Early Life:

Swami Vivekananda was born in the moneyed Datta family of Calcutta on January 1863. He was born at his ancestral home at 3, Gourmohan Mukherjee Street in Calcutta. Narendranath’s (Swami Vivekananda) father was a successful attorney and knowledgeable person with interest in a wide range of subjects, whereas his mother Bhuvaneshwari Davy was a housewife endowed with deep devotion and many other strong qualities. He excelled in gymnastics, studies and music. Born with yogic and spiritual temperament, he continued to practice meditation from his childhood.

In 1871 Narendra Nath (Swami Vivekananda) studied at Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s Metropolitan Institute when he was eight till his family moved to Raipur in 1877. He completed his graduation from Calcutta University where he obtained vast knowledge of different subjects and especially in history and western philosophy.

At the brink of youth Narendra (Swami Vivekananda) had to experience an amount of non secular crisis once he was assailed by doubts regarding the existence of God. It had been at that point when he first heard regarding Sri Ramakrishna from one of his English professors at college. On November 1881, Vivekananda visited Dakshineswar to meet Sri Ramakrishna, who was staying at the Kali Temple.

After a couple of years two disturbing events happened that caused Narendra (Swami Vivekananda) extensive distress. One was his father’s sudden death in 1884. This left the family impecunious, and Narendra (Swami Vivekananda) had in reality the burden of supporting his mother, sisters and brothers. The second event was the ill health of Sri Ramakrishna, that was diagnosed to be throat-cancer of. In September 1885 Sri Ramakrishna went to a house at Shyampukur, and a couple of months later to a rented villa at Cossipore. In these places the young disciples suckled the Master with care of devotion. In spite of deterioration of economic condition and inability to seek out employment for himself, Swami Vivekananda joined the cluster as its leader.

Works and Contribution:

After the death of Sri Ramakrishna, Vivekananda established himself as a wandering monk. His mounting concern for Indians  drove him to ask for material facilitation from the West.

After spreading the philosophy of Vedanta and religion in England and America, he came back to India to found the Ramakrishna Mission and Math. He strongly exhorted his nation to the greatness of spirituality and also wakened India to a new national consciousness.

On 11th September 1893 the Parliament of the World’s Religions opened at the Art Institute of Chicago as part of the World’s Columbian Exposition. On this special day, Swami Vivekananda (Narendranath) explored Indian by giving a brief speech representing Hinduism and India. He bowed to Saraswati before giving a speech and started his speech with “Sisters and brothers of America..!” and for this Vivekananda was honoured by the crowd of seven thousand with a standing ovation.

A major contribution of Vivekananda’s major contribution was towards rejuvenating Hinduism and modernizing.


Swami Vivekananda’s lifetime achievement was his interpretation of Hinduism which saved it from total collapse when attacked by Christian Missionaries.

Undertaking a chance to represent Hinduism at Chicago’s Parliament of Religions in 1893, Vivekananda won instant celebrity in America and a prepared forum for his religious teaching.

Last Life:

As he was suffering of many health issues (chronic insomnia, asthma and diabetes) he was unable to complete many of his in his last time because he was restricted by declining health. He died July 4, 1902, while meditating at Belur Math, on that day he woke early in the morning after completing his discipline taught his Yoga pupil about Sanskrit grammar, Shukla Yajur Veda. After completing his work he went to a room and asking them not to disturb and he died there while doing meditation at Belur Math. According to his discipline, the legend Swami Vivekananda attained Mahasamadhi. It is said that Vivekananda fulfilled his prediction that he will not live forty years. The Iconic personality was cremated on the bank of Ganga (River Ganges) on a sandalwood funeral pyre in Belur just opposite to the place where his Guru Shri Ramakrishna was cremated sixteen years ago. Swami Vivekananda’s writings and lectures have been gathered into nine volumes.

Interesting Facts:

When it comes about studies, Swami Vivekananda was a brilliant student. He was the only student who received first division marks for the entrance examination of Presidency College, Calcutta in 1879.

Swami Vivekananda (Narendra) was also trained in Indian classical music and at the same time was also interested in Hindu mythology, including the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, the Bhagavad Gita and the Puranas. Swami was also very good at sports. He attended his prediction that he will not live more than forty years.

Impact on Bengal:

Swami Vivekananda came back to Bengal in 1898. In his pursuit of establishing a permanent residence for the ascetic, he acquired a huge plot of land at Belur, which lies on the western side of the banks of Ganga. He registered this place as Ramkrishna Math. The order of Ramkrishna Mission that originally started in Baranagar was continued here.

Adaptations of ancient austerity into the modern living conditions can be seen in the new patterns of life that Swamiji established at Ramkrishna Math. It is open to all men, irrespective of their caste, religion or race; and, gives equal importance to personal illumination & social service.