Born on 7th August 1871, in Jorasanko, Calcutta (Kolkata), Abanindranath Tagore was an artist par excellence who had formed the Indian Society of Oriental Art and he was the man who was behind the development and revival of modern paintings in India. Popularly known as Abani Thakur, he was pretty famous as an author who would write particularly for children. He is still a famous name in context of Children’s Literature. Abanindranath Tagore developed the Indian style of paintings and developed it as taught in the Art schools under the British Governement.
Abanindranath belonged to the most celebrated Tagore family. His father was Gunendranath Tagore. His grandfather was Girindranath Tagore, the second son of Prince Dwarkanath Tagore. Rabindranath Tagore was his nephew brother. While studying at Sanskrit College, Tagore learned art during the year 1880. He attended the School of Art at the age of twenty. During the year 1897, Abanindranath Tagore learnt art from the Vice Principal of Government School of Art and learned several techniques and methods to improve his skills further. Tagore along with his brother Gaganendranath’s support had set up the Indian Society of Oriental Art.
Works and Contribution:
Ganesh Janani is one the most famous works of Abanindranath Tagore. The Arabian Nights series which was painted in 1930 is one of the finest works of Tagore. Stalwarts like Nandalal Bose, Kalipada Ghoshal, Surendranath Ganguly, Asit Kumar Halder, K Venkatappa, Mukul Dey were his students. Some of his famous works are Ashoka’s Queen, Bharat Mata, Ganesh Janani, Baba Ganesh, Banished Yaksha, Aurangzeb examining the Head of Dara, Moonlight Music Party, Arabian Night Series. Veena Player, The Last Journey, The Feast of Lamps, Birds and Animals Series, Krishna Lal Series.
One of his finest achievements of Abani Thakur is undoubtedly the Arabian Nights Series. Literary works such as Rajkahini, Buro Angla, Nalak, Khirer Putul which fetched him recognition as an author of Children’s Literature.
Impact on Bengal:
Abanindranath Tagore’s several works of painting, art and literature had made Bengal proud and that has added to the enriched history and culture of Bengal’s love towards art and literature.
Abanindranath Tagore died in the year 1951 and even after his death his eldest son Topu Dhabal contributed the entire work of his father’s paintings to the newly formed Rabindra Bharati Society Trust.